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动车禁烟普速列车为何不禁烟?

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年09月19日 18:45:59
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(  8月)(15日)(起)(,“动)(车)(吸)(烟)(处)(罚)(规)(定)(”升)(级)(。图)(为)(在)(石)(家)(庄)(火)(车)(站)(站)(台)(上)(,旅)(客)(趁)(着)(停)(车)(间)(隙)(下)(车)(吸)(烟)(。北)(京)(晨)(报)(记)(者)(王)(巍)(/摄)(
  8月)(15日)(,铁)(路)(部)(门)(发)(布)(升)(级)(版)(的)(“动)(车)(吸)(烟)(处)(罚)(规)(定)(”,全)(路)(客)(票)(系)(统)((含)(售)(票)(窗)(口)(、12306网)(站)(及)(手)(机)(客)(户)(端)(、自)(动)(售)(票)(机)()对)(在)(动)(车)(组)(列)(车)(上)(吸)(烟)(被)(公)(安)(机)(关)(依)(法)(处)(罚)(的)(旅)(客)(可)(暂)(停)(发)(售)(动)(车)(组)(车)(票)(。对)(此)(,近)(日)(有)(旅)(客)(向)(本)(报)(反)(映)(,为)(何)(动)(车)(全)(面)(禁)(烟)(,出)(台)(严)(厉)(的)(处)(罚)(措)(施)(,而)(普)(速)(列)(车)(不)(禁)(烟)(呢)(?铁)(路)(部)(门)(表)(示)(,高)(铁)(列)(车)(全)(封)(闭)(车)(体)(、高)(速)(运)(行)(,且)(车)(内)(设)(有)(数)(量)(众)(多)(传)(感)(器)(,有)(烟)(即)(会)(引)(发)(车)(辆)(紧)(急)(降)(速)(或)(停)(车)(。普)(速)(列)(车)(非)(全)(封)(闭)(,且)(车)(厢)(内)(同)(样)(禁)(烟)(,只)(允)(许)(在)(吸)(烟)(区)(吸)(烟)(。
  遭)(遇)(
  床)(位)(临)(近)(吸)(烟)(区)(被)(熏)(得)(一)(夜)(未)(眠)(
  暑)(假)(期)(间)(,市)(民)(陈)(先)(生)(从)(北)(京)(出)(发)(乘)(坐)(Z字)(头)(火)(车)(卧)(铺)(出)(差)(。“我)(买)(的)(夕)(发)(朝)(至)(的)(车)(次)(,没)(想)(到)(这)(一)(晚)(上)(,我)(就)(没)(怎)(么)(睡)(。”陈)(先)(生)(说)(,由)(于)(他)(的)(铺)(位)(临)(近)(吸)(烟)(区)(,不)(吸)(烟)(的)(他)(被)(车)(内)(的)(“烟)(民)(”熏)(得)(够)(呛)(,翻)(来)(覆)(去)(睡)(不)(着)(。陈)(先)(生)(在)(吸)(烟)(区)(看)(到)(,车)(门)(附)(近)(还)(设)(有)(两)(个)(可)(折)(叠)(的)(烟)(灰)(缸)(,里)(面)(有)(不)(少)(烟)(头)(,但)(是)(旁)(边)(的)(窗)(户)(也)(无)(法)(打)(开)(,导)(致)(烟)(雾)(排)(不)(出)(去)(。“为)(何)(动)(车)(禁)(烟)(,普)(速)(列)(车)(却)(不)(禁)(烟)(呢)(?”陈)(先)(生)(表)(示)(,无)(论)(是)(出)(于)(安)(全)(还)(是)(出)(于)(其)(他)(旅)(客)(健)(康)(考)(虑)(,希)(望)(普)(速)(列)(车)(也)(能)(全)(面)(禁)(烟)(。
  暑)(假)(期)(间)(,北)(京)(晨)(报)(记)(者)(曾)(乘)(坐)(由)(遵)(义)(开)(往)(柳)(州)(的)(普)(速)(列)(车)(,列)(车)(内)(也)(设)(有)(吸)(烟)(区)(,且)(在)(晚)(间)(不)(少)(旅)(客)(选)(择)(在)(吸)(烟)(区)(吸)(烟)(聊)(天)(打)(发)(时)(间)(,虽)(然)(不)(是)(完)(全)(封)(闭)(的)(空)(间)(,但)(吸)(烟)(区)(附)(近)(仍)(能)(闻)(到)(较)(浓)(的)(烟)(味)(儿)(。
  也)(有)(相)(当)(一)(部)(分)(平)(时)(有)(吸)(烟)(习)(惯)(的)(旅)(客)(则)(认)(为)(,非)(全)(封)(闭)(列)(车)(过)(道)(处)(吸)(烟)(,影)(响)(不)(大)(。尤)(其)(对)(于)(有)(多)(年)(吸)(烟)(习)(惯)(的)(人)(而)(言)(,戒)(烟)(并)(不)(容)(易)(。
  “普)(速)(列)(车)(车)(行)(时)(间)(较)(长)(,有)(时)(候)(站)(与)(站)(之)(间)(间)(隔)(好)(几)(个)(小)(时)(,所)(以)(不)(设)(吸)(烟)(区)(,对)(于)(我)(们)(吸)(烟)(的)(人)(而)(言)(,实)(在)(难)(熬)(。但)(实)(话)(实)(说)(,无)(论)(何)(种)(列)(车)(,车)(厢)(内)(都)(不)(应)(该)(吸)(。”市)(民)(王)(先)(生)(称)(。
  新)(规)(
  “动)(车)(吸)(烟)(处)(罚)(规)(定)(”升)(级)(
  北)(京)(晨)(报)(记)(者)(梳)(理)(发)(现)(,2014年)(1月)(1日)(起)(颁)(布)(实)(施)(的)(《铁)(路)(安)(全)(管)(理)(条)(例)(》第)(77条)(第)(14项)(和)(第)(95条)(都)(有)(明)(确)(规)(定)(,在)(高)(铁)(车)(厢)(内)(或)(其)(他)(列)(车)(的)(禁)(烟)(区)(域)(吸)(烟)(,按)(照)(违)(法)(行)(为)(的)(情)(节)(和)(后)(果)(,对)(吸)(烟)(行)(为)(人)(处)(以)(500元)(以)(上)(2000元)(以)(下)(的)(处)(罚)(;对)(吸)(烟)(导)(致)(列)(车)(火)(灾)(等)(严)(重)(后)(果)(的)(,依)(法)(追)(究)(刑)(事)(责)(任)(。
  记)(者)(了)(解)(到)(,自)(动)(车)(组)(列)(车)(开)(行)(以)(来)(,多)(次)(发)(生)(个)(别)(旅)(客)(违)(反)(“动)(车)(组)(各)(部)(位)(不)(得)(吸)(烟)(”的)(规)(定)(,在)(动)(车)(组)(内)(特)(别)(是)(厕)(所)(内)(吸)(烟)(,引)(发)(报)(警)(和)(列)(车)(紧)(急)(制)(动)(的)(情)(况)(。严)(重)(危)(及)(动)(车)(组)(列)(车)(运)(行)(安)(全)(,影)(响)(其)(他)(旅)(客)(的)(正)(常)(行)(程)(,损)(害)(旅)(客)(安)(全)(健)(康)(。
  正)(因)(如)(此)(,8月)(15日)(,铁)(路)(部)(门)(也)(是)(公)(布)(了)(升)(级)(版)(的)(“动)(车)(吸)(烟)(处)(罚)(规)(定)(”。即)(自)(8月)(15日)(起)(全)(路)(客)(票)(系)(统)((含)(售)(票)(窗)(口)(、12306网)(站)(及)(手)(机)(客)(户)(端)(、自)(动)(售)(票)(机)()对)(在)(动)(车)(组)(列)(车)(上)(吸)(烟)(被)(公)(安)(机)(关)(依)(法)(处)(罚)(的)(旅)(客)(可)(暂)(停)(发)(售)(动)(车)(组)(车)(票)(。被)(限)(购)(车)(票)(的)(旅)(客)(须)(持)(本)(人)(身)(份)(证)(到)(任)(一)(铁)(路)(客)(户)(服)(务)(中)(心)(自)(愿)(签)(订)(乘)(动)(车)(安)(全)(协)(议)(书)(后)(,方)(可)(购)(买)(动)(车)(组)(车)(票)(。各)(铁)(路)(客)(户)(服)(务)(中)(心)(办)(理)(人)(员)(核)(对)(旅)(客)(身)(份)(信)(息)(后)(,办)(理)(解)(禁)(。不)(过)(,旅)(客)(被)(处)(罚)(后)(和)(签)(订)(安)(全)(协)(议)(前)(的)(时)(段)(,铁)(路)(只)(暂)(停)(向)(其)(出)(售)(动)(车)(车)(票)(,普)(通)(旅)(客)(列)(车)(则)(不)(受)(影)(响)(。
  回)(应)(
  铁)(路)(部)(门)(:
  普)(速)(列)(车)(出)(于)(人)(性)(化)(设)(置)(吸)(烟)(区)(
  到)(底)(为)(何)(动)(车)(全)(面)(禁)(烟)(,且)(禁)(烟)(令)(再)(升)(级)(,而)(普)(速)(列)(车)(不)(禁)(烟)(呢)(?昨)(日)(,北)(京)(晨)(报)(记)(者)(从)(铁)(路)(部)(门)(了)(解)(到)(,高)(铁)(列)(车)(属)(于)(全)(封)(闭)(车)(体)(、高)(速)(运)(行)(,在)(车)(内)(吸)(烟)(对)(公)(共)(安)(全)(危)(害)(极)(大)(。车)(内)(设)(有)(数)(量)(众)(多)(的)(传)(感)(器)(,且)(设)(备)(比)(较)(敏)(感)(,有)(烟)(即)(会)(引)(发)(车)(辆)(紧)(急)(降)(速)(或)(停)(车)(。开)(放)(吸)(烟)(会)(对)(列)(车)(正)(常)(行)(驶)(及)(旅)(客)(安)(全)(造)(成)(隐)(患)(。而)(普)(速)(列)(车)(虽)(然)(不)(是)(全)(封)(闭)(的)(,但)(也)(只)(允)(许)(在)(车)(厢)(两)(侧)(吸)(烟)(区)(吸)(烟)(,车)(厢)(内)(也)(是)(严)(禁)(吸)(烟)(的)(。此)(外)(,普)(速)(列)(车)(站)(与)(站)(之)(间)(行)(驶)(时)(间)(过)(长)(,也)(是)(为)(了)(避)(免)(个)(别)(旅)(客)(随)(意)(在)(车)(厢)(内)(吸)(烟)(,出)(于)(人)(性)(化)(考)(虑)(,设)(置)(吸)(烟)(区)(。
  此)(外)(,北)(京)(晨)(报)(记)(者)(了)(解)(到)(,去)(年)(6月)(1日)(起)(,《北)(京)(市)(控)(制)(吸)(烟)(条)(例)(》正)(式)(实)(施)(。《条)(例)(》第)(九)(条)(明)(确)(规)(定)(,“公)(共)(场)(所)(、工)(作)(场)(所)(的)(室)(内)(区)(域)(及)(交)(通)(工)(具)(禁)(止)(吸)(烟)(。”如)(果)(在)(禁)(止)(吸)(烟)(场)(所)(和)(区)(域)(抽)(烟)(,条)(例)(规)(定)(,可)(以)(被)(处)(以)(最)(高)(200元)(罚)(款)(。为)(此)(,目)(前)(,北)(京)(铁)(路)(局)(管)(内)(列)(车)(,无)(论)(是)(高)(铁)(还)(是)(普)(速)(列)(车)(在)(北)(京)(境)(内)(均)(全)(面)(禁)(烟)(。
  延)(伸)(
  公)(交)(地)(铁)(实)(行)(全)(面)(禁)(烟)(
  在)(人)(们)(出)(行)(的)(主)(要)(公)(共)(交)(通)(工)(具)(中)(,飞)(机)(禁)(烟)(几)(乎)(全)(民)(皆)(知)(,公)(交)(地)(铁)(也)(是)(市)(民)(出)(行)(的)(主)(要)(交)(通)(工)(具)(,也)(同)(样)(禁)(烟)(。北)(京)(晨)(报)(记)(者)(从)(北)(京)(地)(铁)(了)(解)(到)(,早)(在)(《北)(京)(市)(控)(制)(吸)(烟)(条)(例)(》发)(布)(之)(前)(,北)(京)(地)(铁)(就)(和)(高)(铁)(一)(样)(,无)(论)(是)(车)(厢)(内)(还)(是)(车)(站)(里)(,自)(开)(始)(运)(营)(就)(全)(面)(禁)(烟)(。
  本)(市)(公)(交)(方)(面)(,虽)(然)(在)(《北)(京)(市)(控)(制)(吸)(烟)(条)(例)(》发)(布)(之)(前)(没)(有)(明)(文)(规)(定)(要)(求)(公)(交)(车)(内)(禁)(止)(吸)(烟)(,但)(公)(交)(集)(团)(表)(示)(,自)(新)(中)(国)(成)(立)(之)(后)(,所)(有)(公)(交)(车)(就)(已)(开)(始)(禁)(烟)(,当)(时)(,一)(旦)(车)(内)(有)(乘)(客)(吸)(烟)(,司)(乘)(人)(员)(即)(会)(劝)(说)(制)(止)(。
  专)(家)(说)(法)(
  控)(烟)(专)(家)(:应)(鼓)(励)(旅)(客)(下)(车)(吸)(烟)(
  北)(京)(市)(控)(烟)(协)(会)(会)(长)(张)(建)(枢)(表)(示)(,从)(北)(京)(市)(的)(控)(烟)(角)(度)(来)(说)(,所)(有)(公)(共)(交)(通)(工)(具)(、公)(共)(场)(所)(等)(都)(是)(禁)(烟)(的)(,动)(车)(已)(经)(严)(格)(控)(烟)(,普)(速)(列)(车)(其)(实)(也)(应)(该)(控)(烟)(。张)(建)(枢)(称)(,火)(车)(乘)(车)(环)(境)(相)(对)(比)(较)(封)(闭)(,空)(气)(不)(流)(通)(,即)(便)(普)(速)(列)(车)(其)(实)(也)(做)(不)(到)(绝)(对)(的)(烟)(雾)(隔)(绝)(。“我)(们)(做)(过)(很)(多)(实)(验)(,烟)(雾)(是)(无)(法)(实)(现)(绝)(对)(的)(隔)(绝)(,且)(蔓)(延)(速)(度)(比)(较)(快)(。在)(列)(车)(里)(吸)(烟)(,对)(老)(人)(、孩)(子)(,以)(及)(不)(吸)(烟)(的)(旅)(客)(来)(说)(是)(种)(侵)(害)(。建)(议)(普)(速)(列)(车)(也)(像)(动)(车)(那)(样)(,鼓)(励)(旅)(客)(到)(站)(后)(下)(车)(到)(开)(放)(场)(所)(吸)(烟)(,从)(而)(最)(大)(限)(度)(保)(护)(不)(吸)(烟)(人)(的)(健)(康)(权)(益)(。”张)(建)(枢)(称)(,从)(某)(种)(程)(度)(来)(讲)(,这)(样)(做)(,实)(际)(也)(是)(减)(少)(吸)(烟)(人)(的)(吸)(烟)(频)(率)(,从)(而)(保)(护)(他)(们)(的)(健)(康)(。
  “过)(去)(航)(空)(公)(司)(,在)(五)(六)(十)(年)(代)(也)(是)(允)(许)(吸)(烟)(的)(,但)(当)(时)(就)(有)(一)(家)(航)(空)(公)(司)(率)(先)(提)(出)(禁)(烟)(,于)(是)(很)(多)(人)(认)(为)(,谁)(还)(会)(坐)(你)(家)(飞)(机)(?可)(是)(,从)(事)(实)(来)(看)(,随)(后)(却)(有)(更)(多)(的)(人)(选)(择)(乘)(坐)(这)(家)(航)(空)(公)(司)(的)(飞)(机)(,因)(为)(它)(给)(旅)(客)(提)(供)(了)(更)(好)(更)(舒)(适)(的)(乘)(机)(环)(境)(。同)(样)(,很)(多)(餐)(馆)(觉)(得)(控)(烟)(会)(减)(少)(顾)(客)(,但)(从)(实)(际)(来)(看)(,因)(为)(控)(烟)(,一)(方)(面)(吸)(引)(了)(更)(多)(顾)(客)(,另)(一)(方)(面)(,吃)(完)(饭)(在)(餐)(馆)(聊)(天)(的)(人)(少)(了)(,营)(业)(额)(反)(而)(有)(所)(提)(升)(。”张)(建)(枢)(称)(,所)(以)(,无)(论)(是)(从)(健)(康)(还)(是)(从)(安)(全)(上)(考)(虑)(,普)(速)(列)(车)(也)(应)(该)(和)(高)(铁)(一)(样)(,从)(制)(度)(上)(对)(吸)(烟)(做)(出)(限)(制)(。
  交)(通)(专)(家)(:普)(速)(列)(车)(也)(应)(全)(面)(禁)(烟)(
  交)(通)(专)(家)(陈)(艳)(艳)(表)(示)(,全)(面)(禁)(烟)(是)(个)(大)(趋)(势)(,尤)(其)(目)(前)(整)(个)(社)(会)(对)(身)(体)(健)(康)(和)(公)(共)(安)(全)(关)(注)(度)(都)(比)(较)(高)(,无)(论)(普)(速)(列)(车)(还)(是)(动)(车)(都)(应)(该)(往)(全)(面)(禁)(烟)(方)(面)(努)(力)(。另)(一)(方)(面)(,如)(果)(考)(虑)(到)(一)(些)(“老)(烟)(民)(”的)(处)(境)(,旅)(途)(相)(对)(漫)(长)(的)(普)(速)(列)(车)(一)(定)(要)(设)(立)(吸)(烟)(区)(,就)(应)(该)(最)(大)(限)(度)(地)(保)(证)(执)(行)(力)(度)(,严)(禁)(车)(厢)(内)(吸)(烟)(。
  北)(京)(晨)(报)(记)(者)(曹)(晶)(瑞)(
)


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